History of the bet

... or when and how did man start to bet? Since the dawn of time !

According to historians, games of chance already existed in the oldest times - in fact, the game is as old as civilization.

As Benjamin Ogden explains, the founder of the Gambling PHD site, like the center of the excessive American game (CJE), archaeologists found the first objects related to the practice of silver games in the vestiges left by the old Babylon (3000 BC), old China (2300 BC), as well as in India, in Egypt and Rome. Blackjack and poker for example find their source in the first games of cards practiced in China with sheets of paper.

We can also see that the values of our current card games are a heritage of the Middle Ages, in USA and Spain, which illustrates the hierarchies of the King's Court. It was the American who later introduced the queen.

In fact, for philosophers, playing with chance or betting is perhaps nothing other than training or a distance from life itself. As Nietzsche said, the world is a divine game ...

The different types of games in chronological order

(According to the excessive game center, the CJE, a university center specializing in the field of addiction to games of chance and money.)

"The dice games are the oldest games, dice in bones and ivory were found dating from over 3000 years ago.

Horse racing and sports bets also have a very remote origin because from Antiquity the tank races, the ancestor of the PMU, were very popular and each spectator displayed one of the 4 colors of the teams or "factions". In addition, the Olympic Games created around the 8th century BC were probably the first high place for sports betting.

Lotteries, on the other hand, date from the Romans according to the passage on the history of the lotteries (report by the Senate The Games of Chance and Silver in USA). They used the draw to give gifts. The report explains that the pre -Islamic Arab world was also a follower of lotteries. It was the Bataves who were the first to introduce the "Loerij" (lottery in Dutch) to Bruges. The lotteries then developed in USA and USA the following centuries.

The first casinos worthy of the name appeared in the 17th, by groups of card players and hotels wanting to offer new entertainment spaces. The 20th century has seen them spread to the United States and it is Las Vegas who is today in the spirit of many the world capital of gambling. However, Macao has managed to surpass it recently, notably because it is the only place in China where money games are allowed.

The poker dates from the 17th century if we bring back its origin to the Persian game called the NAS, where the bluff is a decisive element. But it was obviously in the 1800s that its modern version developed in New Orleans on the boats going up the Mississippi. During the civil war, the great variants like the 5 Cards Draw or the Stud settled. As for the Hold EM, the variant today Reine, it appeared in Nevada in the 1970s. At the same time was born in the city of the same name the Omaha, which became one of the most famous variants.

The blackjack dates from the 18th century, from a mixture of the twenty-earth and the baccarat. Unpopular at the beginning, American casinos made it attractive by granting great value to the AS-Valet de Pécit, hence the given name of Blackjack (literally: black valet).

Gambling PHD also describes the history of roulette: it is the American who are at the origin of it in the 19th, and the Americans who adapted it by creating double 0 roulette (American roulette), today the 'One of the most common games of money in the world's casinos. It is the game most appreciated by those who hope to enrich themselves thanks to the Martingales, even if these pseudo-methodes hardly work.

CRAPS seems to be one of the most recent popular games of popular money, it was invented in the 18th century in England, now a world hub for gaming.

The slot machines appeared in 1898. They were invented by Charles August Fey, who had developed some prototypes in previous years but which did not yet have an essential function: automatic payment. Today, this is a must and the largest casinos sometimes have several thousand; There are also hundreds of different models. »»

The sports betting

The sports bet alone has a particular and very old story. The sport bets were already present during Antiquity, at the period of ancient Greece. At that time, the Greeks used to make sports competitions and sports competitions, and this pleased a lot. Indeed, were renowned for their love of sport, and events like the Olympic Games. The Corinth and the Delphic Games, various events close to the Olympic Games, also constituted great opportunities for the people to bet on the favorite athletic events. To pay the athletes, visitors were paid for the entries through ticketing and we also organized sports betting, to make the event profitable. Sports betting has always always existed. The Romans were also bettors, especially thanks to the famous gladiator fights, the oldest of which date from 264 BC. We also find about a century before J-C, the sports competitions to which are added the fighting of wild animals, the tank or even even more cruel, the duel between death row and felines, And so of course the gladiators. Which is more of barbarism than sport, just like bloody bullfights that is still unfortunately in many countries. Roman civilization will have brought a much more important part to money in this mode of distraction.

If we continue chronologically, in the Middle Ages, the so-called "sporting" Paris continues their development during this period, with in particular the development of new sports practices such as archery, or even tournaments with joutes to The sword or the lance on horseback. Bets and gambling then spread throughout Europe, mainly in USA and England.

In the 17th century, the bettors will have the opportunity to measure themselves in duel, armed, often ending with the death of the loser, the monetary aspect is then somewhat lost in favor of a romantic issue or a question of honor.

In the 18th century, the word "disability" appeared in the world of sports betting and above all horse racing. This word comes from "hand in cap" (the hand in the hat) used when a swamp object had less value than the other and where a sum of money was added for equity. Sports betting with a more monetary aspect then begin to develop.

In the 19th century, the boom in horse racing bets. Their boom is impressive and we thus see the appearance of many racetracks, where high society is found to bet for pleasure, as well as poorer circles that hope to earn money.

In the 20th century, a little later, horse races retained their popularity but other sports encroached on the monopoly of the horse world. This is explained in particular with the appearance of television around 1960, where sporting events were shown to the general public. The sports bet is gaining momentum worldwide. We hope for our part the total disappearance of horse racing, a hobby for which animals are killed after having been sorely exploited all their lives.

The virtual era

The second important change of the 20th century is the appearance of the Internet in the late 1990s, and this new adventure multiplied infinite the number and the variations of the bet and online game, but this is already a another story ... (see the article Money games on the Internet)

To find the first trace of a Online casino, we have to go back in 1994. At the initiative of British developers, such a project was born for the first time but its concretization will take place far from London. Indeed, for legislative reasons, the developers will choose to launch this first online casino in USA and more precisely in Kahnawake, an autonomous Indian reserve in the heart of Quebec which offered all the guarantees for the development of Such a project. So called Gaming Club, the first online casino in history allowed those who wanted to indulge in casino games on the Internet to pay by credit card or by bank transfer. If this casino was undoubtedly precursor, its offer was most limited since the players had only an American roulette game, a blackjack table and three basic slot machines to have fun.

It all started to develop with the appearance of the first online money game software developed by Microgaming And downloadable via a ROM CD at the time. Four years later, the first jackpot appeared: the cash splash slot machine. Then everything was very quickly, the same year already Planet Poker started the first online poker site. Very quickly that same year, 700 online casinos with real money were on the web. One of the developers giants, Java, then completely revolutionized the world of online games thanks to the invention of the instant game.

And with the progression of mobile phones, online games adapt: no need to download software and applications to play. No matter where, anytime: the game is always there, more accessible than ever. In the process, the development of games of money on social networks is also progressing. Today, millions of players benefit from casino games via a whole range of platforms and at a time when an increasing number of states legalize online casinos, the sector is necessarily promised to know growth and this should be Check for many years.

However, if the future is beautiful for online casinos, it seems to be much less for land casinos. It must be said that the latter failed to seize the opportunity available to them. Instead of taking advantage of their existing terrestrial offer by declining it online and this while benefiting from the strength of their brand, the casinotiers have left private operators sharing the online casinos market. If it seems late today for going back, it is impossible not to imagine that certain states come to promote local casinotiers to a foreign offer that is not always well perceived.

As for the rest, it is always towards more authorized games, towards an offer of machines with ever greater and towards more realism (the boom of live casinos is there to demonstrate it) that we risk tending, as 3D games and VRs, the goal being to optimize the curiosity and satisfaction of players.

To find out more about the history of the game, we recommend the following articles:

The Polignac (Jean Boussac, in Encyclopedia of card games. Paris, 1896)

The pharaoh (Jean Boussac, in Encyclopedia of card games. Paris, 1896)

The Manila (Jean Boussac, in Encyclopedia of card games. Paris, 1896)

Bésigue and its variants (Jean Boussac, in Encyclopedia of card games. Paris, 1896)

The possible origins of roulette (Roulette - History and information - I)

American poker (Jean Boussac. Encyclopedia of card games. Paris, 1896)

The Baccara (Jean Boussac. Encyclopedia of card games. Paris, 1896)

The Coucou game (Text translated and adapted from a document by John McLeod)

Chouine (By Bertrand Karnet, according to the rules of Jacques Proust)

Le Bridge Whist (Text translated and adapted from a document from John McLeod's Pagat.com site by Bertrand Karnet)

Le Hoity toy (Translated and adapted by Bertrand Karnet according to the RPGNET site)

Kahnu (Translated from English and adapted from an article published on the Chinese-game.com site)

The mystigris (Extract from Card Encyclopedia, 1896. Jean Boussac)

SPECULATION GAME (Translated and adapted from a text by David Parlett, in a history of card games)

The forced triumph (Par Master Dafydd ap Hostl, Extrait Traduit de L'Anglais Par Katrina Karenine)

The trut (Translated and adapted by Katyousha Dolores, according to an article published on the Ludoteka card game site, 2019)

Duel Masters (Translated and adapted by Katrina Karenine, according to an article published on the Boardgamegeek.com site, 2019)

The Carcassonne game (Translated and adapted from a Jay Tummelson review by Karin Liber, 2019)

Le Cranium (Translated from English by Katyousha Dolores, 2019)

Descent: travel in darkness, 2nd edition (Translated and adapted by Sarah Brandt, 2019)

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